Shoes For Pronation
What To Look For
Looking for shoes for over-pronation?
Before you go shopping you need to first understand what pronation
What Is Pronation
Pronation is the rolling in of the foot
with weight bearing such as standing, walking and running. You need to
pronate during walking and running. It is the way your foot was meant
to function. Pronation is needed for proper shock absorption and
overall lower extremity function. It also permits for a more fluid
motion and shock absorption for the lower back.
The maximum amount of pronation occurs
at the mid-stance position of the walking and running cycle. There is
less pronation at the beginning of heel strike and at the end of
When this action is excessive it is
called over-pronation. Over-pronation has been linked to knee, hip and
lower back arthritis, degeneration and pain.
Pronation Is A Complex Action
If you do over-pronate, it is important
to begin pronation control at heel strike. This is accomplished with
a heel wedge as found in stabilizing orthotics by Foot Levelers. If
your foot impression does not demonstrate pronation then no heel
wedge will be added to your orthotics.
Further control, or lack of,
is accomplished through the gait cycle by the heel wedge, proper
support of all three arches and other contributing factors such as
type of shoe, muscle and ligament action and even your body weight.
Ambulation (walking) is a complex action that
involves the heel, arch, forefoot and toes, knees, ankles hips and
pelvis and lower back.
The action is bidirectional. In other
words the foot structure and function will affect the other body
parts mentioned and the alignment and function of those will affect
the foot function.
Not only are the joints involved, but
the function and status of the muscles are intricately involved as
Tight glutes and hamstrings will cause
abnormal motion of the lower back, hips, and knees which in-turn will
contribute to improper foot function (over-pronation).
When Buying Shoes For Pronation Consider These Important Points
Keep the following in mind when looking
for shoes for pronation control:
- The first step toward proper
pronation is fitness. Develop overall strength, endurance,
flexibility and balance. Keep your weight at its ideal range as
excess weight will contribute to excess pronation.
- Purchase and use proper supportive
footwear that affords the necessary structural alignment and
support, promotes balance and permits normal function. Do not allow
your shoes to become too worn that they no longer accomplish these.
- You should purchase custom-made
orthotics. Take foot impressions with a casting kit when you order
orthotics that will go into your shoes. This will give you
custom-designed orthotics for only your feet. Every foot is
different, so don't settle for cheap generic orthotics that offer
minimal features and benefits. Shoes, even if the are designed for
pronation, are generic and will not give you the support you need
like a custom-made orthotic will.
- If you truly are a pronator your
Stabilizing Orthotics will come with, not only the correct arch
support for all three arches of the foot, but a heel wedge to
correct for the inward roll (pronation) of the foot at the heel and
ankle. No other orthotic can do this as well as Foot Levelers. And
no shoe for pronation can either.
- Always remove the factory insoles
before inserting your Stabilizing Orthotics. Your orthotics become
an extension of your feet. If your foot and ankle have weaknesses
that permit over-pronation, Stabilizing Orthotics by Foot Levelers
will give you the proper support where needed and at the same time
allow your feet to function with normal pronation and balance.
Taking out the factory insoles will give you needed room in your
shoe to accept the orthotics and not create too tight of a fit. If
unable to remove the factory insoles make sure you purchase shoes
with enough depth for a comfortable fit.
The best shoes for pronation are those
that allow you to insert orthotics that are custom-made for your foot
and its unique properties. Do not expect to get the amount of
pronation control or the three arch support needed with any retail
shoe or generic arch supports.
Key Points To Consider When Shopping For Shoes For Pronation
Here is what to look for when shopping
for shoes for pronation:
- Make sure the heels and soles are wide
enough to support the foot properly. Narrow shoe will reduce the
contact surface and this will not allow for proper weight
distribution during the gait cycle.
- A shoe that has a continuous outer
sole and heel is best. If there is a separate heel block from the
rest of the sole, allowing for a step-off, this will cause further
arch collapse and contribute to over-pronation.
- A lace shoe is better than a loafer.
This lacing will permit better adjustment for support to the instep
and thus minimize over-pronation.
- Have a shoe repair center add a non-metal heel
plate before starting to wear your new shoes. This will help keep the
foot from too much out-flaring, prevent wear down of the outer aspect
of the heel which again will help to minimize excessive pronation. As
an added bonus, your shoes will last longer thus saving you money
with less frequent need to replace them due to heel and sole wear.
The wear will be more evenly distributed.
- The best shoe for pronation is an
athletic style shoe with Stabilizing Orthotics by Foot Levelers. Much
research has been put into the design and manufacture of athletic
shoes so they more closely match or allow for the proper support and
function of the foot.
- If you already own shoes that are
supposedly built for pronation then do not use Stabilizing Orthotics
in them. This will only create an over-correction of your pronation.
The message to take away is that no
shoe is specifically designed to correct your specific
over-pronation. But with the purchase of Stabilizing Orthotics by
Foot Levelers you will be able to turn a good shoe for pronation into
an absolute great shoe for pronation.
You can purchase great footwear with
orthotics already included by clicking here.
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