Shoes For Pronation
What To Look For

Looking for shoes for over-pronation? Before you go shopping you need to first understand what pronation is.

What Is Pronation

Pronation is the rolling in of the foot with weight bearing such as standing, walking and running. You need to pronate during walking and running. It is the way your foot was meant to function. Pronation is needed for proper shock absorption and overall lower extremity function. It also permits for a more fluid motion and shock absorption for the lower back.

The maximum amount of pronation occurs at the mid-stance position of the walking and running cycle. There is less pronation at the beginning of heel strike and at the end of toe-off.

When this action is excessive it is called over-pronation. Over-pronation has been linked to knee, hip and lower back arthritis, degeneration and pain.

Pronation Is A Complex Action

If you do over-pronate, it is important to begin pronation control at heel strike. This is accomplished with a heel wedge as found in stabilizing orthotics by Foot Levelers. If your foot impression does not demonstrate pronation then no heel wedge will be added to your orthotics.

Further control, or lack of, is accomplished through the gait cycle by the heel wedge, proper support of all three arches and other contributing factors such as type of shoe, muscle and ligament action and even your body weight.

Ambulation (walking) is a complex action that involves the heel, arch, forefoot and toes, knees, ankles hips and pelvis and lower back.

The action is bidirectional. In other words the foot structure and function will affect the other body parts mentioned and the alignment and function of those will affect the foot function.

Not only are the joints involved, but the function and status of the muscles are intricately involved as well.

Tight glutes and hamstrings will cause abnormal motion of the lower back, hips, and knees which in-turn will contribute to improper foot function (over-pronation).

When Buying Shoes For Pronation Consider These Important Points

Keep the following in mind when looking for shoes for pronation control:

  1. The first step toward proper pronation is fitness. Develop overall strength, endurance, flexibility and balance. Keep your weight at its ideal range as excess weight will contribute to excess pronation.
  2. Purchase and use proper supportive footwear that affords the necessary structural alignment and support, promotes balance and permits normal function. Do not allow your shoes to become too worn that they no longer accomplish these.
  3. You should purchase custom-made orthotics. Take foot impressions with a casting kit when you order orthotics that will go into your shoes. This will give you custom-designed orthotics for only your feet. Every foot is different, so don't settle for cheap generic orthotics that offer minimal features and benefits. Shoes, even if the are designed for pronation, are generic and will not give you the support you need like a custom-made orthotic will.
  4. If you truly are a pronator your Stabilizing Orthotics will come with, not only the correct arch support for all three arches of the foot, but a heel wedge to correct for the inward roll (pronation) of the foot at the heel and ankle. No other orthotic can do this as well as Foot Levelers. And no shoe for pronation can either.
  5. Always remove the factory insoles before inserting your Stabilizing Orthotics. Your orthotics become an extension of your feet. If your foot and ankle have weaknesses that permit over-pronation, Stabilizing Orthotics by Foot Levelers will give you the proper support where needed and at the same time allow your feet to function with normal pronation and balance. Taking out the factory insoles will give you needed room in your shoe to accept the orthotics and not create too tight of a fit. If unable to remove the factory insoles make sure you purchase shoes with enough depth for a comfortable fit.

The best shoes for pronation are those that allow you to insert orthotics that are custom-made for your foot and its unique properties. Do not expect to get the amount of pronation control or the three arch support needed with any retail shoe or generic arch supports.

Key Points To Consider When Shopping For Shoes For Pronation

Here is what to look for when shopping for shoes for pronation:

  • Make sure the heels and soles are wide enough to support the foot properly. Narrow shoe will reduce the contact surface and this will not allow for proper weight distribution during the gait cycle.
  • A shoe that has a continuous outer sole and heel is best. If there is a separate heel block from the rest of the sole, allowing for a step-off, this will cause further arch collapse and contribute to over-pronation.

  • A lace shoe is better than a loafer. This lacing will permit better adjustment for support to the instep and thus minimize over-pronation.
  • Have a shoe repair center add a non-metal heel plate before starting to wear your new shoes. This will help keep the foot from too much out-flaring, prevent wear down of the outer aspect of the heel which again will help to minimize excessive pronation. As an added bonus, your shoes will last longer thus saving you money with less frequent need to replace them due to heel and sole wear. The wear will be more evenly distributed.
  • The best shoe for pronation is an athletic style shoe with Stabilizing Orthotics by Foot Levelers. Much research has been put into the design and manufacture of athletic shoes so they more closely match or allow for the proper support and function of the foot.
  • If you already own shoes that are supposedly built for pronation then do not use Stabilizing Orthotics in them. This will only create an over-correction of your pronation.

The message to take away is that no shoe is specifically designed to correct your specific over-pronation. But with the purchase of Stabilizing Orthotics by Foot Levelers you will be able to turn a good shoe for pronation into an absolute great shoe for pronation.


You can purchase great footwear with orthotics already included by clicking here.

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