Scoliosis is an abnormal lateral curvature of your spine. It is not strictly a lateral deviation. The spine will also have some change in its front to back curvature affecting the lordotic curves of your lumbar and cervical spine, and the thoracic kyphotic curve. There is also some rotation of the spine as well.
There are two types of scoliosis:
Idiopathic (structural) scoliosis is a curvature that is more permanent and usually develops in pre-teen or teen years. The cause is unknown, that's why it is called... idiopathic. But...
Genetics seem to play a major role as it is frequently found to be more common in relatives. It primarily affects females.
Treatment is usually conservative unless it is severe or of rapid progression. Most doctors will take a wait and see approach before recommending surgery.
There are some doctors and clinics that specialize in the treatment of scoliosis and at present there is not a common consensus of what treatment is best.
It is wise to seek several opinions and choose a treatment approach that you find most favorable.
Functional scoliosis is usually the result of imbalances that can be found to exist in your body. These imbalance can be a short leg, pronation, flat feet, pelvic tilt, or muscular imbalances such as chronic muscle spasm, weaknesses, or abnormal posture.
It is not a permanent curvature and full or nearly full correction is possible without surgical intervention.
Treatment of functional scoliosis is easier. The more common treatments consist of one or more of the following:
The best way to analyze scoliosis and determine its nature is with a standing x-ray study.
Find a chiropractor or orthopedist that treats scoliosis and have a complete evaluation and examination to help you and your doctor determine the best treatment approach.